Basic Occlusions Tutorial

This tutorial will show you how to set up basic depth occlusions and place an object into the scene.


This tutorial assumes you have a working Unity scene where you have imported the ARDK & ARDK-examples packages, and configured the project to run on a device. If you haven't already imported the packages, in your project view:

  • Right-click the Asset folder > Import Package > Custom Package > select the ARDK package you downloaded > Import All
  • Right-click the Asset folder > Import Package > Custom Package > select the ARDK-examples package you downloaded > Import All
  • Update the build and player settings for building Android or iOS.

Please refer to the Getting Started With ARDK page for more details.

1 - Create a new Scene

Create a new folder in your Asset tree called OcclusionsTutorial

Create a new scene in that folder. Right-click in the folder and select Create > Scene. Name it OcculusionTutorial

2 - Add the ARDK Managers

Add the following ARDK components to your scene camera:

  • AR Session Manager
  • AR Camera Position Helper
  • AR Rendering Manager
  • AR Depth Manager

Make sure that the camera is set on all of the managers.

3 - Update the camera settings

Make sure to set the camera's background to black.

Set the camera to a black background and set Culling Mask to ignore the ARDK mock world.

4 - Add in the mock scene so we can test in Unity

Find the "MockupScene" prefab in the VirtualStudio/Assets/Prefabs folder of the imported ARDK-examples package and add it to your scene.

5 - Create our script for managing our CG asset that we want occluded.

Next, we'll create a script to position a scene object to wherever we click. We'll also configure ARDK to dynamically occlude this object when it goes behind things.

Create the script in the same folder as your scene.

Add the script to the camera.

For the scene object, you can use a primitive like a cube or pull in any asset you like, such as the Captain Doty Yeti prefab in ARDK-Examples under Common/Prefabs/Yeti.

Place the obejct into the scene.

Set the object's render layer to default.

Set the initial placement to be behind the MockupScene table, roughly at 0.5, -0.5, 3.0 if you are using the Doty asset.

Our OcclusionsTutorial script

using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using UnityEngine;
public class OcclusionsTutorial : MonoBehaviour
// Start is called before the first frame update
GameObject _character;
void Start()
// Update is called once per frame
void Update()

6 - Verify Depth Manager settings

By default occlusions are enabled when you add a depth manager. The occlusion mode will be set to Auto, which means that the depth manager will pick the best method available to your device.

The default depth manager settings will work well for most use cases.

Here is a quick rundown of the depth manager settings:

Occlusion Mode

The 4 options for the type of occlusion are:

  • None: No occlusions
  • Depth Buffer: The depth buffer will write values directly to unity's zbuffer
  • Screen Space Mesh: ARDK will create a screen space mesh from the depth buffer and overlay that in the scene as an occlusion mask.
  • Auto: Pick the best method for your device, higher end phones support the zbuffer technique, lower will fall back to screen space mesh.

Keyframe rate

This setting adjusts the rate at which ardk will attempt to surface a new depth buffer.

By default it is 20 fps which is a good default for the majority of use cases.

We interpolate the in between frames on devices that run at higher frame rates.

This can be adjusted up or down based on quality vs performance.

Prefer smooth edges

If this is enabled, for devices that support this feature, this will improve edge accuracy.


There are 2 modes to run our interpolation in.

  • Smooth - ensure we are interpolating every inbetween frame.
  • Balanced - mode used by earlier ardk versions

Interpolation Preference

This value is passed into our algorithm for its back projection distance.

Depending on if you are focusing on nearby objects or far away objects, adjusting this can make occlusion more stable. However, there is no magic value that will work in all scenarios.

Occlusion Mode examples:


Depth Buffer

Screen Space Mesh (does not work at this time)

7 - Adaptive Depth Interpolation Preference

Because we are manipulating a single object, we can use a script to dynamically adjust occlusion settings for the object. Add an AR Depth Interpolation Adaptor to our scene with the following settings:

  • Mode: Track Occludee
  • Occludee: yeti_geo (or whatever scene object you're using)

8 - Add code to position object based on screen input

For this example we can use planes for placement so we will add an ARPlaneManager to our scene. You can add this to your scene camera or wherever you like in your scene hierarchy.

9 - Adding a hit test function to move our character

To determine where to place our object we need to add code to do hit testing.

We'll update the script you created in step 5 with code that calls HitTest and passes in the screen touch location.

If there's a hit we move our object to that location and rotate it to face the camera.

using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using UnityEngine;
using Niantic.ARDK.AR;
public class OcclusionsTutorial : MonoBehaviour
//we need the camera for the hit test
public Camera _camera;
//our character (yeti)
public GameObject _character;
//we need the session for the hit test.
IARSession _session;
void Start()
//we will need to catch the session in for our hit test function.
ARSessionFactory.SessionInitialized += OnSessionInitialized;
//callback for the session starting.
private void OnSessionInitialized(AnyARSessionInitializedArgs args)
//only run once guard
ARSessionFactory.SessionInitialized -= OnSessionInitialized;
//save the session.
_session = args.Session;
//per frame update
void Update()
//if there is a touch call our function
if (PlatformAgnosticInput.touchCount <= 0) { return; }
var touch = PlatformAgnosticInput.GetTouch(0);
if (touch.phase == TouchPhase.Began)
private void TouchBegan(Touch touch)
//check we have a valid frame.
var currentFrame = _session.CurrentFrame;
if (currentFrame == null)
if (_camera == null)
//do a hit test at at that screen point
var hitTestResults =
ARHitTestResultType.ExistingPlaneUsingExtent |
if (hitTestResults.Count == 0)
//move our character to the touch hit location
// Set the cursor object to the hit test result's position
_character.transform.position = hitTestResults[0].WorldTransform.ToPosition();
// Orient the cursor object to look at the user, but remain flat on the "ground", aka
// only rotate about the y-axis
new Vector3
currentFrame.Camera.Transform[0, 3],
currentFrame.Camera.Transform[2, 3]

10 - Test our app in Unity

Build and test the app on your development device and verify the object is being occluded properly.

11 - Test our app on device

Build and test the app on your development device and verify the object is being occluded properly.
Definition: AnchorsArgs.cs:8
Definition: _Convert.cs:5
Definition: _Convert.cs:5
Definition: _Convert.cs:5
Definition: _NativeARHitTestResult.cs:12
Types of objects to hit-test against and also the type of objects found by the hit-test.
Definition: ARHitTestResultType.cs:9
@ Camera
The coordinate system is locked to match the orientation of the device camera.
Definition: _ByteArrayComparer.cs:7